Other one is eccentric reducer which is having one edge parallel to connecting pipe due to which air accumulation is not possible. Slip-joint fittings are frequently used in kitchen, bathroom and tub drainage systems. They include a detached slip nut and slip-joint washer; the washer is made of rubber or nylon.
A closet flange is a specialized flange designed to be flush with the floor, allowing a toilet to be installed above it. The flange must be mechanically strong to accommodate slight misalignments or movements, and resist corrosion. Caps, usually liquid- or gas-tight, cover the otherwise open end of a pipe. The exterior of an industrial cap may be round, square, rectangular, U- or I-shaped, or may have a handgrip.
They are used to allow an auger (or plumber’s snake) to clean out a plugged drain. Since clean-out augers are limited in length, clean-outs should be placed in accessible locations at regular intervals throughout a drainage system . They are also known as “rodding eyes”, because of the eye-shaped cover plates often used on external versions. These compression connections on water shutoff valves under a kitchen sink show evidence of slow seepage .
Lightly lubricate the thread and cone of the assembly stud and the thread of the union nut. However, the O-ring must be removed before welding, and any stray welding material must be removed from the O-ring groove and the fitting hole. Plug is a component of plumbing component which is generally used to close pipe opening during inspections and repairs. In use, the spigot of one segment was placed into the socket of the preceding one and a ring of oakum was forced down into the joint with a caulking iron. Ideally, this would be done by pouring in molten lead, allowing it to set, and hammering it tightly with a caulking tool. If this was not possible due to position or some other constraint, the joint could alternatively be filled with lead wool or rope, which was forcibly compacted one layer at a time.
Here is a brief overview of pipe fittings, their purpose, and the materials offered. In this type of flange, the stub is butt welded to the pipe, whereas flange is freely moved over the stub end. It is basically flange part but covered under ASME B16.9 that is why it is considered as pipe fittings. You can see the chart above that lists most widely used standard pipe fittings.
Union is a type of fitting, which functions as similar to coupling. But coupling cannot be removed after fixing but in this case we can remove the union whenever we needed. Although compression connections are less durable than soldered connections, they are easy to install with simple tools. However, they take longer to install than soldered joints and sometimes require re-tightening to stop slow leaks which may develop over time. Because of this possible leakage, they are generally restricted to accessible locations , and are prohibited in concealed locations such as the interiors of walls.
We know that the likes of water pipe, fittings, water meters, hose etc. are not the most glamorous products in the world, but this doesn’t make a difference to us when it comes to customer service. Whether you’re looking for a simple adaptor or specifying a whole pipework system, you’ll get all of our expertise and professional courtesy. Before installation, make sure the valve is in the “open” position and all cemented surfaces are clean and dry.
It is like a concentric reducer that maintains a centerline of the pipe but small in size. A pipe tee is used for distributing or collecting the fluid from the run pipe. It is a short piece of pipe with a 90-degree branch at the center.
They are used to connect pipework together and form angles. Plumbing fittings come in various different types to reduce the flow size from larger to smaller or to change the direction of flow between two pieces of pipework. Choose from metal or plastic fittings and various pack sizes.
Fittings require money, time, materials, and tools to install, and are an important part of piping and plumbing systems. Valves are technically fittings, but are usually discussed separately. Choosing the material of your pipe fitting comes down to what will be running through the pipe. From fittings perfect for cold water supplies to reliable options for gases and chemicals wastes, we carry a variety of fitting options to help you get the job done.
They are made up of different materials like copper, iron, brass, PVC etc. Flange fittings are generally used for connections to valves, inline instruments or equipment nozzles. Two surfaces are joined tightly together with threaded bolts, wedges, clamps, or other means of applying high compressive force. Although a gasket, packing, or O-ring may be installed between the flanges to prevent leakage, it is sometimes possible to use only a special grease or nothing at all . Although flange fittings are bulky, they perform well in demanding applications such as large water supply networks and hydroelectric systems. Elbows are used to change the direction of flow between two pipes.